April 30, 2013
The United Nations (UN) report calling for a global moratorium on lethal autonomous robotics, weapons systems that can select and kill targets without a human being directly issuing a command, will be considered this week in Geneva. The report is due to be presented to the UN Human Rights Council during the afternoon of Wednesday, May 29 by its author Professor Christof Heyns, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The presentation will be followed by a debate where–for the first time-ever in a multilateral forum–governments will provide their views on the question of what to do about fully autonomous weapons.
The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots welcomes the UN expert report and concurs with its finding that lethal autonomous robotics “raise far-reaching concerns about the protection of life during war and peace. This includes the question of the extent to which they can be programmed to comply with the requirements of international humanitarian law and the standards protecting life under international human rights law. Beyond this, their deployment may be unacceptable because no adequate system of legal accountability can be devised, and because robots should not have the power of life and death over human beings.”
We urge all countries to consider and publicly elaborate their policy on fully autonomous weapons, particularly with respect to ethical, legal, policy, technical, and other concerns that have been raised in the Heyns report.
The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots calls on all countries to welcome the Heyns report and endorse and implement its recommendations that call on all states to:
The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots commits to implement the report’s recommendations to NGOs, namely to:
After Professor Heyns presents the report to the Human Rights Council there will be an “interactive dialogue” during which states can make brief (less than 5-minute) statements to provide their views on the report. Campaigners around the world have been urging governments to support the report and implement the recommendations, including in Austria, Canada, Colombia, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, and the United States.
The 22-page report by Professor Heyns, a South African lawyer, has attracted significant media interest and has stimulated public interest since it was uploaded to the Human Rights Council website of the at the end of April.
On Tuesday 28 May, representatives of the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots will speak at a midday press conference, and in an afternoon side event, Mr. Steve Goose of Human Rights Watch and Dr. Peter Asaro of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control will present the coalition’s views on the UN report and discuss its expectations for action by governments and others.
For more information, see:
Selected coverage of the UN report: